Category: News

“Namugoongo” In The Context Of An Economic And Spiritual Analysis

“Namugoongo” is an area in a central province of the Uganda territory known as Buganda. By the time Britain colonized Uganda, Buganda was an independent Kingdom.

A king in Buganda is referred to as “Kabaka”. The first British group that arrived in Buganda was received with courtesy by the then Kabaka who wanted to know where they had come from and who their ruler was. They told him their country was Britain being headed by a lady referred to as “Queen”. He therefore proposed that it would be good and appropriate if he would marry that lady so that he would unite the two countries into one, namely Buganda and Britain. Later, one of those British visitors commented that when they looked at his throne, it was an item that could not even fit in the kitchen of their Queen.

However, they introduced their own type of belief to the local kingdom. In their teachings, they said there was a God that could not be seen by ordinary human eyes, but just through belief. That one must just believe that that God exists and that he or she must ask what he or she requires through that God and that that God would grant what is needed by anybody on Earth as He was above everything on Earth and after all was the very creator of the entire world.

Subsequently people began following the teachings of these newcomers much as the Kabaka’s domestic servants were also converted to this type of belief.
A type of prayer was introduced in the Kingdom illustrating the superiority of this type of a new God. It ran as follows:

“Our Father which art in Heaven. (Kitafe ali mu gulu)
• Hallowed be thy name. (Erinya lyo litukuzibwe).
• Thy Kingdom come. (Obwa Kabaka bwo bujje).
• Thy will be done on Earth as it is in Heaven. (Ebyoyagala bikolwe munsi nga bwebikolwa mu gulu).
• Give us this day our daily bread. (Tuwe olwaleero emere yaffe ya buli lunaku.)
• Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive them that trespass against us. (Tusonyuwe ebibi byaffe nga ffe naffe bwetusonyowa abo abatusobyako).
• For thine is the Kingdom, the power and the glory (Songa bwakabaka bwo, obiyiza nekitiibwa)
• For ever and ever. (Emirembe ne naku )
• “Amen” Amiina (bwekityo kibe) meaning “As it should be”

The Kabaka himself heard his own domestic servants pray above his own head that another king comes and takes over from him.
On top of all this, people were told that apart from this very earth there was another world called “Heaven” which had no economic problems but full only of peace and comfort. In that world there were also people called “Angels” who had wings and could fly anywhere in the universe looking for friendship and peace. Third, that this “Heaven” world had a very beautiful and peaceful city called “Zion” where all human- beings would live together in harmony and friendship for ever and ever after death.
The Kabaka internalized all this and concluded as follows:
1. That there is really another “Kabaka”.
2. Stronger and more powerful than him
3. He is being asked by his own domestic servants to come and take over his Kabakaship.

The kabaka then developed concentrated economic emotions and sentiments to make sure his kingdom was not usurped.
He therefore arrested forty of this group of his domestic servants and decided to kill them.

He led them to Namugoongo, let them collect a lot of firewood which he could use to burn them alive. They saw the punishment extremely harsh and yet irreversible! So they also, according to their own spiritual conviction which was also irreversible, could not repent to the Kabaka as if they had wronged him. They therefore produced the following utterances in a form and content of a hymn as follows:
“Singa mbadde n’ebiwaawa nga malaika, nandibuuse, naandibuuse, eri mu sayuuni!”
(Meaning)
“If I had wings, like an angel, I would fly. I would fly, there to Zion!”
They walked spiritually courageously and succumbed to an inevitable furnace and died.

LESSONS:
• “Andrew Kaggwa”, (burnt), was “Kaahwa” captured by Buganda military force in a war between Bunyoro and Buganda and his name turned into “Kaggwa” in Luganda as a domestic servant in Kabaka’s palace.
• War is a continuation of politics where when peaceful means of solving problems fail, people resort to mutual slaughter. That is unfortunate.
• Politics is an expression of concentrated economic emotions and sentiments between classes struggling for state power. The kabaka therefore was struggling for state power on the basis of economics concerning his territory.
• Classes are groups of people which differ one from another according to how they are related in terms of labor and property ownership.
• The state is a weapon in the hands of a ruling class to:
(i)Reflect economic aims of that class.
(ii) Implement those aims
(iii) Suppress the aims of the ruled class which are considered incorrect
(iv) Suppress the economic aims of the ruled class

• The state is inevitably accompanied by Law. Law is the sum – total of obligatory and compulsory standards of behavior and conduct acceptable only to the ruling class to:
(i) Reflect social aims of the ruling class
(ii) Implement them
(iii) Suppress the considered incorrect behavior of the ruled class.

Need for proper spiritual life
• There can never be a proper spiritual life in the world without a mutually acceptable economic system.
(a) Owning a man or a woman in a home and make him or her work without pay is wrong.
(b) Owning land above others and making them pay rent is wrong and abominable
(c) Making men and women work at a very low wage level with the aim of gaining profits from them is very incorrect.
(d) Colonizing other territories is incorrect.
• Answers:
All those systems above should be abolished from each national territory on the globe. Each country should establish a welfare state where all are for each and each is for all. The people at Namugoongo were killed under slave – ownership in Buganda where land –rent is again practiced against peasants. This is unfortunate.
Political Economy should be taught in all academic institutions in order to liberate people from ignorance concerning labor and property ownership as sources of spiritual life vis – a – vis superstition.

Former Police Crime intelligence Boss Col Ndahura Atwooki charged by Army Court

Col Atwooki Ndahura, the former police director of Crime Intelligence has Friday been remanded to Makindye Military Prison over accusations of interfering with the process of law.

Col. Ndahura was arraigned before the Unit Disciplinary Committee (UDC) of the Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence (CMI) at Mbuya, close to two weeks after his arrest.

He is one of the 26 police and military officers who were arrested over suspected criminal activities during the 13-year reign of Gen Kale Kayihura as head of the police force.

Army and Defence Spokesperson Brig. Richard Karemire said that Col Ndahura was charged with interfering with the process of law contrary to Section 166 of the UPDF Act 2005.

The Mbuya-based UDC chaired by Col Tom Kabuye remanded Col Ndahura to Makindye Military Prison until July 13 this year.
The law:
Section 166(1) of the UPDF Act of 2005, states that a person subject to military law, who unlawfully interferes with the process of law as set out in the Act, commits an offence and is, on conviction, liable to imprisonment not exceeding seven years.

Uganda Releases 1st NDC Partnership Plan for Climate Action in Africa

Uganda Releases First NDC Partnership Plan for Climate Action in Africa
Press Release
28June 2018

The Government of Uganda released its strategy to deliver on commitments under the Paris Agreement, in a blueprint known as the Uganda NDC Partnership Plan. Building off progress already made through Uganda’s existing climate plans and policies, the country’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement captures the country’s ambitions for a sustainable future. The Partnership Plan complements this vision, while also serving as an accelerator for action. The Plan identifies five priority areas set by the government for implementation of its NDC, and begins to connect those priorities to available partner and program resources from across the NDC Partnership and its network.

In its NDC, Uganda puts strong emphasis on adaptation actions, to ensure all people and communities are resilient to climate impacts. To reduce its impact on climate change, Uganda has committed to reducing its emissions by 22 percent by 2030, with actions focused in energy, forestry, and wetlands. Through the Partnership Plan, Uganda is raising its ambition by setting the timeline to achieve several NDC actions sooner. Uganda seeks to mainstream climate resilience across sectors and develop early warning systems and robust monitoring systems by 2020, much earlier than originally planned. The Plan also aims to create an enabling environment for the country’s NDC by elaborating and clarifying actions for transformative change as the country grows and develops into the future.

Key to achieving Uganda’s climate goals is effective coordination and prioritization as well as monitoring and reporting on its climate actions and response.

The five priority areas for Uganda identified in its NDC Partnership Plan are: strengthened operational and gender-responsive policy and institutional frameworks for the effective governance of climate change; increased climate financing for planning and budgeting on the national and local levels; effective and institutionalized measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems to monitor greenhouse gas emissions and gender-responsive adaptation measures; strengthened capacity of government officials, civil society, the private sector and academia to effectively integrate NDC and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) commitments with a gender lens into existing and future programs; and accelerated project financing for NDC implementation.

To deliver on these priorities, the plan identifies 49 activities for the next three years, including enacting a legal framework for climate action; developing a project pipeline of investment-ready projects for funding across priority sectors; establishing and strengthening national climate change funding mechanisms; modeling national temperature and precipitation and extreme event scenarios; and developing a national greenhouse gas inventory system.

Uganda Climate Change Department Commissioner Chebet Maikut said, “Uganda recognizes the importance of fulfilling its commitments under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement, while at the same time welcoming the support of development partners in pushing Uganda’s climate agenda forward. To this end, to the development partners and the NDC Partnership that have pledged support to Uganda’s climate ambitions – I thank you!”

He added, “It’s through such partnerships that we can achieve and meaningfully contribute to the global climate ambition that we desperately require to save tomorrow’s climate today.”

The newly-approved NDC Partnership Plan serves as the basis for planning, coordination, resource mobilization and transparency on NDC implementation between the government and partners.

Headline: Govt to borrow Shs 297b for Irrigation.

Cabinet sat on Monday June 25, 2018 at State House Entebbe under the Chairmanship of H.E the President and;
Approved the proposal to borrow USD 76.95Million from the African Development Bank (ADB) to support the Agricultural Value Chain Development Program (AVCP)This program will focus on:


Provision of water for irrigation at two levels: for rice farmers in Eastern Uganda through construction of a big irrigation scheme; and small scale irrigation for upland rice farmers in Northern Uganda;

Addressing value chain constraints for maize, rice and dairy/beef farmers in 28 districts;

Increasing volumes of high value grades of maize and rice in order to obtain premium prices in the Domestic and Regional markets; and

Providing logistical support to dairy regulatory activities countrywide and supporting the construction and equipping of an internationally accredited laboratory at the Uganda National Bureau of Standards, for Ugandan exports.

Approved the National Curriculum Development Centre (Amendment) Bill, 2017. The amendment is intended to:

Broaden the ex-officio membership of the Governing Council of the Centre to include more stakeholders on the Council and remove non existing Institutions and titles such as; the National Institute of Education, the East African Academy and the National Federation of Uganda Employees which are defunct, and include new Institutions and titles;

Remove limitations over eligibility of appointment of Chairperson of the Council; and

Harmonize the budgeting cycle of the Centre with that of Government (from Calendar Year to Financial Year) since Government is the statutory source of funds.

Approved the Local Content Policy for the Oil and Gas Industry in Uganda. The Policy has the following objectives:

To build capacity of Uganda’s Human Resources in the Oil and Gas Industry;

To promote employment of Ugandans in the Oil and Gas Industry;

To enhance the competitiveness of Ugandan Enterprises as suppliers and Joint Venture Partners;

To increase the use of domestically produced or available goods and services by the Oil and Gas Industry; and

To promote the in-country Research and Development (R&D) and Technology transfer to Ugandans.

Noted that the Ministry of Health will launch and initiate the National Physical Activity Day on Sunday 8th July, 2018 at Kololo Ceremonial Grounds under the theme “my health is my responsibility”. The objectives of the National Physical Day are:

To strengthen efforts in the prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases;

To take timely action on promotion of physical activity in order to keep the population of Uganda healthy and fit;

To encourage the population to adopt physical activity as a routine in their lifestyles in order to prevent Non- Communicable Diseases; and

To equip members of the public with more information about the importance of physical activities in Non-Communicable Diseases prevention and control.

The following services will be provided during the National Physical Activity Day;

Health Education Talks by the experts in the area of Non-Communicable Diseases.

Screening of major Non-Communicable Diseases and their risk factors including blood pressure, blood sugar, blood cholesterol and cancer among others.

Health advice prior to engaging in physical activities and the recommended measures.

Ofwono Opondo
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, UGANDA MEDIA CENTRE

Vatican diplomat convicted on child porn charges in first trial of its kind

Vatican diplomat convicted on child porn charges in first trial of its kind
June 24, 2018

VATICAN CITY — The Vatican tribunal on Saturday convicted a former Holy See diplomat and sentenced him to five years in prison for possessing and distributing child pornography in the first such trial of its kind inside the Vatican.

Monsignor Carlo Capella admitted to viewing the images during what he called a period of “fragility” and interior crisis sparked by a job transfer to the Vatican embassy in Washington. He apologized to his family and the Holy See, and appealed for leniency by saying the episode was just a “bump in the road” of a priestly vocation he loved and wanted to continue.

Tribunal President Giuseppe Dalla Torre read out the verdict after a two-day trial and sentenced Capella to five years and a fine of 5,000 euros ($5,830.) Capella will serve the sentence in the Vatican barracks, where he has been held since his arrest earlier this year.

Prosecutor Gian Piero Milano had asked for a stiffer sentence due to what he called the “great” amount of material accessed, which included 40 to 55 photos, films and Japanese animation found on his cellphone, an iCloud and Tumblr account, which Capella viewed even after he had been recalled by the Vatican in August 2017.

Prosecutors and Vatican investigators said the material featured children aged 14-17 engaging in sexual acts.

Capella’s attorney disputed that Capella had distributed the material. He denied the amount of porn was excessive, and said his client had cooperated with investigators, repented and was seeking psychological help.

The Vatican recalled Capella, the No. 4 official in its Washington embassy, after the US State Department notified it in August of a “possible violation of laws relating to child pornography images” by one of its diplomats in Washington.

Soon after, Canadian police issued an arrest warrant for Capella, accusing him of having accessed, possessed and distributed child porn over Christmas 2016 from a church in Windsor, Ontario, using a social networking site.

His recall was immediately denounced by US Catholic bishops who, still stinging from the fallout of the clerical sex abuse scandal, saw it as an attempt by the Vatican to shield one of its own. But all along the Vatican insisted it would prosecute Capella, who was subject to the Vatican tribunal’s jurisdiction even though his crimes also occurred elsewhere.

The trial was the first known enforcement of a 2013 law for the Vatican City State that specifically criminalized possession and distribution of child pornography, punishing it with up to five years in prison and a 50,000 euro fine.

Now that the criminal prosecution is over, Capella will be subject to a canonical trial, which could result in him being defrocked.

It wasn’t immediately clear if Canadian authorities would pursue their case against him; the Vatican doesn’t extradite its citizens.

Capella said he realized that his actions were vulgar and “improper.” During a final statement Saturday begging for the minimum sentence, Capella apologized for the pain his “fragility” and “weakness” had caused his family, his diocese and the Holy See.

“I hope that this situation can be considered a bump in the road” and that the case could also could be useful for the church, he said.

Capella was a high-ranking priest in the Vatican’s diplomatic corps. He served on the Italy desk in the Vatican’s secretariat of state and was part of the official delegation that negotiated a tax treaty with Italy before being posted to the US embassy in 2016.

A canon lawyer, Capella is listed online as having written a 2003 paper for the Pontifical Lateran University on priestly celibacy and the church’s criminal code.

#BREAKING: NOT YET OVER! Museveni stops RDC transfers!

The newly appointed RDCs and their deputies will have to wait and continue to endure joblessness up to September which is roughly three months away.

This was one of the many decisions arrived at during a stormy planning meeting President YK Museveni convened today Sunday at State Lodge Nakasero. The meeting started midmorning and ended at 2pm. In attendance was President Minister Ester Mbulakubuza Mbayo, RDC’ Secretariat head Martha Asiimwe, PPS Molly Kamukama and Museveni who chaired the meeting. A few other State House departmental heads attended it too. On the agenda was the embarrassment the presidency endured a few days ago when it emerged that some dead NRM cadres had been appointed and their names included on list of new RDCs. This caused the presidency to be ridiculed on social media with many wondering if this wasn’t proof of a fatigued Museveni presidency.

During the Sunday meeting at Nakasero State Lodge, a furious Museveni sought to understand what happened and his handlers, specifically PPS Kamukama and belligerent Minister Mbayo, had to explain. It emerged that, despite being the line minister, Mbayo hadn’t made adequate input in the list as many of the cadres she considered to be very good mobilizers were left out. Examples include outgoing Butaleja RDC Richard Gulume and Luuka RDC Steven Bewayo. Coincidentally Mbayo, who is widely understood not to be doing well on the ground as MP, is the legislator representing Luuka as District Woman Representative. Many factors have eroded her popularity including her failure to concede Speaker Rebecca Kadaga’s political supremacy and submit to her as a senior figure from Busoga. This has rapidly emboldened her political adversaries in Luuka where Bewayo has always been perceived to be the one holding forte for Mbayo in her absence as she serves nationally in Kampala. This is why Bewayo’s dropping from the RDCs’ list is taken to be something that has greatly injured her politically in her Luuka backyard. So during the Sunday meeting, Mbayo implored the President to permit her to revisit the list and come up with comprehensive proposals on how to strengthen it. Her argument was that many experienced cadres had been left out because of her ministry’s inadequate input yet she is the line minister. “That won’t happen. I’m the President of Uganda and I’m standing my ground. That list isn’t going to be recalled. If there are mobilizers that you say were inadvertently left out, let’s have them on the waiting list.

We shall consider them for the new districts that are going to be created. If not we shall find for them something else,” sources quoted Museveni as firmly saying during the State House meeting. Having heard from Mbayo clearly saying she didn’t have much input in the list, attention shifted to Molly Kamukama who members tasked to explain and account for the public embarrassment the Presidency suffered as a result of dead persons being appointed RDCs. “Your excellence we have been having a very long list of people who you have been promising deployment over the years. Their records have been with us for long.

Everything is on file and what we did was to get names of those you had promised jobs and we put it together. We didn’t know who had died and who hadn’t. That is how it happened,” sources quoted Kamukama as explaining. Some members felt it was improper for the Presidency Minister not to have had the last word on the RDCs’ list and consensus at the meeting was that this should never happen again.

FOCUS ON LC1;
Museveni decreed that members move on and the RDCs’ list be left the way it is. In what betrayed his anxiety regarding the possibility of NRM being trounced by the opposition groups in the upcoming LC1 elections, Museveni said any confusion engulfing the Presidency at this time would be very bad because it’s supposed to coordinate political mobilization to ensure majority LC1 chairpersons elected in the more than 60,000 villages are NRM. He referred to intelligence reports which show that the opposition has quietly been mobilizing and NRM shouldn’t take things lightly lest they get humiliated in the 10th July polls.

“In fact that’s why I’m directing that let all those newly appointed RDCs wait. We can’t have new people taking charge in the districts on the eve of such a very important election. It’s too near and by the time the voting day comes, those new RDCs will still be on orientation still learning the geography of those districts and that is why I’m directing you [Mbayo] to ensure that the incumbent RDCs occupy office until the LC1 elections are over. Let them [new RDCs] be doing voluntary mobilization wherever they are and prepare to report for work in September,”

Museveni reportedly directed bringing what had started as a very stormy meeting to an end. Sources maintained that Mbayo, who came expecting the President to be very furious at his PPS Molly Kamukama, left the meeting very much subdued after her expectations weren’t met.

Zimbabwe President Mnangagwa survives bomb attack

Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa has survived an apparent bomb attack in the city of Bulawayo.
Saturday 23, June 2018

Video footage from White City Stadium appears to show an explosion happening close to Mr Mnangagwa as he was leaving the stage having addressed supporters.
He was not hurt, his spokesman said. But senior officials are among those injured, Zimbabwe media say.
President Mnangagwa came into power last November, ousting his former mentor Robert Mugabe.
The president was in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second city, to campaign for his Zanu-PF party ahead of nationwide elections taking place on 30 July.

Presidential spokesman George Charamba issued a statement recalling: “There have been multiple attempts on the president’s life over the past five years.”
The Zimbabwe Herald newspaper reported that Vice-President Kembo Mohadi had suffered leg injuries in the bomb blast, but there is no confirmation.
The paper described the explosion as an assassination attempt.
Other senior officials are also said to have been injured, as well as some of their bodyguards.

From high school teaching to Tourism field

I realised that “life is a matter of choice and every choice you make in life, makes you”. As a fine art teacher, nature was always the best source of inspiration for different forms of art like landscape for painting.

Birds, animals and plants for mosaics and printing . In the same case most materials and tools used in making articles are got from nature. All this kept my love for nature growing every time. Until I went my long time friend who was already a senior birder,Crammy Wanyama the director Avian safaris. Crammy with his policy of “Acandle looses nothing lighting another”, Transformed my life, through proving me with all the required guidance, tools and trainings for over two years. I always define Crammy as atrue mentor and a best friend ever. although I continued teaching, all free space including weekends were utilized for birding excursions, visiting different game parks for mammals and other wild life with my associate Akankwasa Frank, upto when i took my first trip with Nature trails east africa (http://www.eastafricantrails.com ), Although teaching has facilitated my dream of becoming a national general tour guide/ driver guide. It’s now high time to put the chalk aside and a Vail my self for more trips since it’s hard to make progress without making decision. For birding, wild life, primate tracking and city tour, you can get me through Avian safaris ( https://aviansafaris.com )or on my email; nzetonny2015@yahoo.com.

After finding out that Uganda is a birding paradise, this took losts my attention and defined my area of research.. I realised that Uganda is arguably the most attractive country in Africa to bird watchers, not only because of the unusually high number of species recorded within its borders, but also because it offers easy access to several bird-rich habitats that are difficult to reach elsewhere. Uganda’s remarkable avian diversity 1078 species with a recent sighting of Dickinson’s Kestrel making the list of 1079 species recorded. indicative of uganda’s transitional location is the fact that only one bird is endemic to the country, the somewhat Fox’s Weaver. Although if you are to consider only East Africa then 150 birds species are found only in Uganda. This list includes seven out of 21 Hornbill species recorded in the region, five out of 14 Honeyguides, 8 Sunbirds, 7 out of 21 Woodpeckers, 11 out of 36 Bulbuls and Greenbuls, 5 out of 20 Bush shrikes, 13 thrush family, 11 Warbers 10 flycatchers 8 weavers, 13 finches, 4 Tinkerbirds, 4 pigeons r Doves and 3 Kingfishers, 3 sparrowhaks, 3 Cuckoos and 3 Nightjars. The rainforests of western Uganda must be seen as the country’s most birding habitat residing the albertain endemic species, one that is of greatest to bird watchers, However if you want to see a wide range of Uganda birds, you can be taken around Entebbe( water and forest birds), Lake Mburo( water and acacia-associated birds), Queen Elizabeth (a wide variety of habitats; over 600 species recorded), Murchison Falls (a wide variety of habitats) Mabamba bay (the best place in East Africa to see the papyrus-associated Shoebill) and kidepo (nothern semi-desert specials; over 50 raptors recorded).
Uganda’s appeal as birding destination has been enhanced in recent years by improving avian knowledge and General guiding practices, on that part I appreciate the tireless efforts of Mr Byaruhanga Herbet for his trainings and fruitful excursions that he always organize through Uganda Safari Guides Association (USAGA), he has produced most of the best Uganda’s bird guides and am so proud being part of them.

I have walked a long journey which has been perfected over time

Speaker Rebecca AlitwalaKadaga is the first female speaker of parliament of Uganda. She punched her way to politics on the affirmative card when she contested forMember of Parliament representing the women of Kamuliin 1989 (NRC) to date. She has been at the forefront of championing gender equality andwomen empowerment. The Public Lens’ Stephen Bwire caught up with her in a no-holds-barred interview. Excerpts;-

You have been in the corridors of power for quite long, serving in the various portfolios. How would you describe your experience of being in government?
Well, first the arrival of women has been gradual. If you look at the structure of government over many years, we had no women ministers. Among the first female ministers we had Hon. Bagaya and Mrs.Senkatuka then after that followed by Mrs.Bitamazire, and then the numbers kept growing. But we have to lead in order to open doors because the structure of our society did not acknowledge the leadership of women; so patriarchy still exists, and one has to navigate that journey through patriarchy to be able to do work.Secondly, you have to be exceedingly good so that no questions are asked about your capacity. So, it has been an interesting journey.

How have you broken-through the barriers to scale to the top in a male-dominated world, considering the positions you have held locally and internationally?
First, it requires a lot of preparation and it didn’t just happen, I have been consistently attending the meetings, but also I have taken many leadership positions both in the Commonwealth and the IPU [Inter-Parliamentary Union]. In the Commonwealth, I started as a branch representative, then I became the chair of the CWP [Commonwealth Parliamentarians] Africa, so I worked on programs that no other Chair had done, and no other region in the Commonwealth had done except Africa. So my work was outstanding. Because of the work I had done in Africa, they thought I should also support them to do the international work and build the women parliamentarians which I did quite well. within the IPUI started as a member and then I became a chair of a standing committee, later I became a member of the executive committee, where I represented the East African region; and forinstance when I was in the regional executive, we brought in south Sudan, we brought in Somalia, we brought in new members to the IPU through my leadership in the executive committee. So it has been a journey, but it has been perfected overtime.

As a champion of women empowerment, what are some of the initiatives you have undertaken as Speaker of Parliament to improve the lives of women?
Within Parliament, we have advocated to have daycare facility for the children so that mothers who come there are comfortable. And this applies to all public places, for instance now all the new markets must have a daycare facility so that women in the market can have their children playing while they are doing their work. We have also advocated for other facilities for instance we have proposed that all new roads which are being built should have positions for resting so that if you have been travelling with a small child in a bus, you don’t have to go and take the child to the bush to urinate. We have proposed that all the roads should have those rest areas where there’s a bathroom, there’s a small restaurant, where people can sit, or change the children or something like that, so those are some of the things on infrastructure. Of course we have discussed the buildings for some of the women who are disabled and so on, so we have discussed all those. We have been advocating hard for the people with disabilities, and we recently wrote to the President that the people in the judiciary should be trainedin sign language so that they are able to communicate with the people with disabilities.Those are some of the areas we are working on;but on education, we have worked on reduction of taxes on many items that the women use for instance the sanitary towels we removed the taxes that had been re-introduced. At a different level, personally I have worked on the issue of water, in my constituency there’s a lot more water than many other places because the women spend so much time and the children spend so much time walking to look for the water, if there’s a water point, you have thousands of Jerrycans who could stay there day and night, so one of the things we need to do to help the rural woman is to make sure she has water so that she can collect quickly and do her work. There used to be a program on cooking stoves which would enable the people to cook very quickly, I don’t know how far it has spread- it used to be in the ministry of energy, but I don’t hear much about it though this is one of the interventions that would help the rural woman to be able to cook quickly and get time to do other things and maybe to even go and do business. So, also to take their medical services nearer, we still have a challenge on schools. The distances that the children have to walk, sometimes they really have to walk very many miles, so it’s risky for them because they have to start walking early in the morning, they have got to come back late in the night, so all those risks we need to address so that facilities are put nearer where the children can access them quickly maybe 1km or something so that they don’t have to walk long distances. And then of course we have been discussing and trying to improve on the household income, we are trying really hard to ensure that there are more economic activities which women can do in order to earn a living.

Day by day, you have been seen to push for the independence of the Legislature in accordance with the doctrine of separation of powers. Are you satisfied that the institution which you superintend is somewhat independent?
I think we have made progress, you know before the1995 constitution, the powers heavily gravitated towards the Executive, the Legislature and Judiciary were like small brothers of the Executive, but the Constitution has given us some autonomy,but I have learnt that it’s a constant battle to remind the other branches that don’t step on my feet. This is my parameter, and this is your parameter, don’t step on my feet. So we have made progress because I have been continuously talking about it, and we are gaining ground.

We witnessed a huge storm in parliament during the debate to amend the Constitution to lift presidential age limits. How did you manage to steer through this chaotic process and restore the House to normalcy?
One of the things I did was to give people time to talk, so that those who were in favour of the amendment spoke, but also those who were not in favour had an opportunity to speak, and for me I wanted to give them an opportunity to convince their colleagues. If they believe you, they will vote with you. For me the important thing was to be able to table the positions of all the sides and then reach and take a vote. You know if I have ten votes and you have one it means I have got more people on my side than you. So for me it was really allowing them to speak and it was one of the longest sittings we had because I think we were sitting up to eleven almost every day .We were sitting the whole day. More than 150 members spoke, so in the end all those who had the issues that they wanted to air were able to speak and finally when the vote came, they were able to vote. But it requires some skills to manage the sitting.

As a senior national NRM party leader, what do you have to say about the current squabbles in the party where some of our leaders are pulling ropes?
I think the main problem is that we don’t meet as a party. We don’t meet. For instance the Central Executive Committee has not sat for several months. If we were meeting, we would probably listen to what is happening in our departments. So for me the failure to meet is a big hindrance to the work of the party. Actually I can’t tell you that I know what is happening. I don’t know why the people were dismissed [party secretariat staff were summarily sacked], so the absence of meeting is a big problem.

The question of gender parity has lingered on for long. In your tenure in parliament, what have you done to answer this question of gender parity especially in leadership positions?
Other than the constitutional provisions, during my tenure, we were able to amend the rules of procedure to ensure that 40% of the leadership positions in the House are held by women. It was a long struggle, it took us about four years but eventually it was achieved. Now we have 42% and I hope it can grow to equality. The idea is to go 50:50.

Are there women leaders you would look at and feel proud of their achievements?

Within parliament, there have been some, but also out there, there are women who continue to inspire;people like Grace Mpanga, Rhoda Kalema, Victoria Sekitoleko, Dr. Kazibwe, they have been many. Especially the ones with whom we joined in 1989, People like Roy Nkwasibwe. And then of course now we have more people like Doris Akol of URA, AllenKagina at UNRA, Jennifer Musisiat the KCCA, in the UIA there is JollyKamuhangire. We also have a number of accounting officers who are ladies.

What would think of as most memorable event during the time you have been in public service?
I think the real memorable one would be, that in 2012 we were able to host for the first time and probably the only time in the next 50 years the Inter Parliamentary Union, it was part of our golden jubilee celebrations. The last international meeting of parliament was in 1967 during Obote 1. It was the Commonwealth. After that there has been no international meetings of parliament so IPU was really the big one, with the golden jubilee but also an opportunity to market Uganda and even now some of the people who came, now come back for holidays, many of the delegates come back here for holidays so I thing that’s the big one. Maybe I can tell you that in 2019, we are going to now host the international Common wealth since 1967.

President Museveni addresses the Nation on the State of Security

While ddressing a special sitting of Parliament this afternoon on the question of security, the President announced 10 measures the government will undertake to check insecurity in the country.

1. All legally held guns will be finger-printed. When this happens, once a cartridge is fired, we shall be able to tell which gun discharged the bullet. If any legally-held gun is used in crime, we shall trace it, this includes guns in private hands but licensed by the police.

2. Every vehicle and motorcycle will be required to have electronic number plates with an electronic signal, installed at cost of the owner. However, we shall protect people’s privacy.

Our concern will only be with vehicles or pikipikis seen in an area where crime is committed. If one attempts to interfere with the number plate, the central monitoring unit will be notified.

3. Hoods for motorcycle riders is banned. Police will charge anybody covering themselves that way. Riders will also have to wear helmets with illuminated numbers both at the front and back.

These helmets will be registered and details captured in the central monitoring hub. I encourage the National Enterprises Corporation and our private sector here to manufacture these helmets here. We should not spend money importing them.

4. Installation of cameras on town roads and streets and along highways. Potentially the criminal or enemy can evade other forms of detection except the optical; eye, camera and telescope.

If necessary, the cameras will have thermal sensors. If criminals try childish games of covering their heads, they will be seen at the command post.

5. Modern foresinc laboratory. I thought the national ID project should have done this. We shall capture thumb prints and DNA of criminals so that we can trace once blood is left at the crime scene.

Even other elements like sweat, saliva, hair will also be analysed. If you want our country to be peaceful, why fear to offer DNA for storage. Support me so that we stabilize our country.

6. Speed of response and how quickly we arrive at the scene. I have directed the police to revive the 999 and reform the Flying Squad. It should be a real flying squad. We are providing UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles or drones) and light helicopters.

7. The enemy can also use drones to promote crime. The defence committee has authorised 30 UAVs. We have 130 applications while 500 have been impounded. They were being smuggled into the country. The responsible minister will bring a law to regulate use of these drones.

8. Misuse of social media. Criminals use social media to threaten violence and create panic. We are going to acquire capacity to quickly locate criminals abusing social media. The government does not want to block these sites but we shall pick out the jiggers. We won’t cut the entire foot.

9. Acquire more scanners under the Uganda Revenue Authority to check all containers coming into and exiting the country. Criminals hiding guns as cargo will be grabbed. The Era of weak or non-existent state authority ended.

10. Back to the army. Our strategy is a small, professional, well-equipped army, backed with a large reserve force. Our military capacity is robust created over last 50 years. We have capacity to defend Uganda.